STATE OF ILLINOIS TEACHER CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

Illinois State Board of Education
Minimum Requirements for State Certificate
Application Procedures for Certification by Transcript Evaluation

Contents

The Certification Process in Illinois ..............................1
The Entitlement Process.............................................1 
Application Procedure Checklist ....................................2
The Transcript Evaluation Process...................................3
Application Procedures..............................................3
Additional Information for Individuals Prepared
	in Out-of-State Institutions ...............................4
Application Procedures for Individuals with Foreign Credentials.....5
Waivers of Requirements ............................................6
Student Teaching....................................................6 
Pre-Student Teaching Clinical Experience ...........................6
General Education Requirements......................................7
Verification Procedures for Waivers.................................7
Illinois Certification Testing System...............................8
Endorsement of Teaching Certificates...............................10
Requirements for Certification.....................................11
General Education Definitions......................................11
Early Childhood Certificate........................................14 
Standard Elementary Certificate....................................16
Standard High School Certificate...................................18
Standard Special Certificate.......................................20
Supervisory Endorsement............................................22
School Service Personnel Certificate...............................23
School Social Worker...............................................23
School Psychologists...............................................23
Guidance...........................................................25
School Nurse.......................................................28
Supervisory Endorsement............................................29
Administrative Certificate.........................................29
General Supervisory................................................30
General Administrative.............................................30
Chief School Business Official.....................................31
Superintendent.....................................................32
Teaching Experience for Administrative Certificate.................33
Provisional Certificate............................................34
Provisional Vocational and Temporary Provisional
	Vocational Certificates....................................34
Substitute Certificate.............................................35
General Certificate ...............................................35
Transitional Bilingual Certificate.................................36
Bilingual/ESL Approval.............................................39
Teacher Aide Approval..............................................40
General Information Regarding Certificates.........................41
Registration and Renewal...........................................41
Issuance Fee.......................................................41
Lapsed Certificates................................................41
Time Limitations and Fees..........................................42
Removal of Deficiencies............................................42
Credit from Junior and Community Colleges..........................43
Institutional Waivers of Coursework................................43
Reciprocity........................................................43
Credit Used........................................................43
Duplicate Certificates.............................................43
Citizenship Requirement............................................43
Criminal Background Investigation..................................43
Misrepresentation of Credentials...................................44
Qualification of Teachers..........................................44
Waiver of Additional Student Teaching..............................44
Change of Address..................................................44

THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS IN ILLINOIS

Illinois has two means by which individuals may be certificated. All persons seeking a first certificate in Illinois must complete an approved teacher education program, either in Illinois or in another state. Through the approved program process, institutions which have certification programs approved by the State Teacher Certification Board define the courses which the candidate must complete in order to be certified at the grade level and subject of the candidate's interest. The institution recommends the candidate for the certificate upon the candidate's completion of the program requirements.

The other means of certification in Illinois is by a transcript evaluation of credits to verify completion of the minimum requirements for the certificate. However, this route to certification for Early Childhood, Elementary, High School and Special certificates is open only to persons who are in one of the following categories:

1) They hold an Illinois teaching certificate and have teaching experience in Illinois public or private schools.

2) They hold a valid out-of-state certificate comparable to the certificate they seek in Illinois.

3) They have completed an out-of-state approved teacher education program in the area of certification sought in Illinois.

Individuals seeking any endorsement on the School Service Personnel or Administrative certificates must have completed an approved program in another state to qualify for certification by transcript evaluation.

Applicants for the Administrative and School Service Personnel certificates must therefore provide:

1) A valid comparable certificate from another state and/or

2) A state-approved program verification form completed by the out-of-state institution from which the applicant graduated indicating that the individual has completed a currently approved administrative or school service personnel program for an endorsement comparable to that sought in Illinois.

For a more detailed explanation of these two processes, see the sections titled The Entitlement Process and The Transcript Evaluation Process.

The Entitlement Process

Individuals who do not qualify for certification by transcript evaluation may be certificated by completion of a state-approved teacher education program. For complete information on the programs offered by Illinois institutions, interested persons may wish to consult the Directory of Approved Programs for the Preparation of Educational Personnel in Illinois Institutions of Higher Education.

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The approved program route to certification permits a university to assess a candidate's previous college studies and other experiences for application to the requirements of the approved program. The candidate may, therefore, find this means of certification offers more flexibility than the transcript evaluation process which requires an applicant to possess specific courses on a transcript to meet state requirements.

Upon completion of the program, the designated official at the institution will provide the candidate with an application form which the candidate will complete. The institution will review the form for accuracy and, upon notifying the State Board of Education of the candidate's qualification for certification, the institution will return the application to the candidate with the institution's embossed seal and the signature of the designated certification officer.

THE CANDIDATE SHOULD MAKE NO CHANGES, CORRECTIONS, OR ADDITIONS TO THE APPLICATION FORM! The candidate should secure a complete set of official transcripts, including those from community colleges, and forward the completed form to the candidate's regional superintendent of schools with the required fees. If the candidate has passed the required state examinations, the certificate is issued through the office of the regional superintendent where the candidate applied. If the candidate has not passed the examinations, a deficiency statement is forwarded informing the candidate of the need to do so.

Persons who have completed special certificate programs with multiple endorsements, but who have not taken all examinations for the endorsements, are issued a certificate with the endorsements for which they have passed the appropriate examinations. If they later pass the remaining examinations, they may secure a certificate for those areas only by obtaining another signed and sealed application form from their institution and paying another fee.

ENTITLEMENT APPLICATION PROCEDURE CHECKLIST

The following steps summarize the procedures to follow in applying for certification through the entitlement process:

1) The recommending institution provides a signed and sealed application indicating the certificate for which the candidate qualifies.

2) Make no changes, corrections, or additions to the form.

3) Attach a bank draft, certified check or money order in the amount of $20 for each certificate made payable to the STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION BOARD.

NOTE: Effective January 1, 1994 the fee for each certificate is $30. The fee is not refundable.

4) Attach a $5 registration and issuance fee made payable to the regional superintendent of schools.

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5) Attach official transcripts from all institutions attended, including those from which credit has been transferred in summary form, to the transcript of the entitling institution.

6) Submit all of the above to the regional superintendent of schools where you live or will teach.

The Transcript Evaluation Process

Previously certificated individuals with teaching experience in public or private elementary and secondary schools of Illinois and those who have completed an approved program out-of-state may apply for a transcript evaluation of their college credentials. Applicants who fail to provide evidence of another state's approved program by submitting either a valid out-of-state certificate or a properly completed State Approved Program Verification form (ISBE 73-05) will be advised that they must complete a state- approved program in order to obtain the certificate they seek and their fee will be forfeited. Persons who already hold Illinois certification and who wish to obtain additional certification must provide evidence of teaching experience in the public or private schools of Illinois. Should such applicants fail to submit the required letter of teaching experience, they will also lose their fee and be advised to complete an approved program for the certificate they seek.

Applications forwarded by regional superintendents to the Certification and Placement Section are reviewed for applicant compliance with the minimum state requirements listed in this publication. To accomplish this task in the quickest and most efficient way, it is necessary that the applicant furnish all materials necessary to complete the evaluation when submitting the original application. Applicants should review their materials to determine if the necessary documents have been furnished with their application.

APPLICATION PROCEDURES FOR CERTIFICATION BY TRANSCRIPT EVALUATION

Previously certificated individuals with teaching experience in public or private elementary and secondary schools of Illinois and those who have completed an approved program out-of-state may apply for Illinois certification by complying with the following procedures:

1. Complete the "Application for Certificate" (ISBE 73-03) according to the instructions printed at the top. Individuals seeking a Provisional Vocational Certificate must, in addition, complete the appropriate forms for that certificate.

2. Attach official transcripts bearing the seal of the college and signature of an official of the college. The transcripts must show a degree from an institution of higher learning recognized for teacher education by the appropriate state board or department of education. Applicants should also include transcripts from colleges whose credits have been transferred without specific course identifiers to the transcript of another college. It is impossible to evaluate credit for unidentified courses and failure to provide the specific courses on an official transcript will result in a delay in the final results of an evaluation.

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3. Those who have had teaching experience in Illinois or in another state should forward an original letter of experience which bears the signature of the employing district superintendent specifying the grade level, subject area and number of months or years of full-time employment. Teaching experience may be applied to various waivers of requirements described below.

4. Those who hold a valid certificate in another state in the United States which is comparable to the grade level and subject matter of the certificate they seek in Illinois should enclose a photocopy of the face and reverse of the certificate.

5. Applicants should forward a copy of ISBE 73-05, "State Approved Program Verification Form," to their certification officer for completion. This form is forwarded to the Certification and Placement Section and assures that the student has completed an approved program and allows waivers of state general education requirements when statutory, professional education and area of specialization requirements are met.

6. Submit the required fee made payable to the State Teacher Certification Board in the form of a money order, bank draft or certified check. The School Code provides that each application for certification or evaluation of college credentials shall be accompanied by a fee of $20 which is not refundable. Note: On January 1, 1994, the fee for each certificate is $30. Personal checks or cash will not be accepted.

7. Submit a $5 registration and issuance fee made payable to the regional superintendent of schools where you obtain your certificate.

8. Submit the above to the regional superintendent of schools where you plan to teach or where you reside. The State Teacher Certification Board does not accept applications directly from applicants. The regional superintendents are listed at the end of this publication.

The regional superintendent will forward these materials, and they will be reviewed for compliance with state requirements for the certificate requested. If the applicant meets all requirements, including the state examinations, the applicant will be issued a standard certificate. If the applicant does not meet all course requirements but meets the requirements for a transcript evaluation, the applicant will be given a deficiency statement which lists the requirements remaining to be completed before certification may be granted. If the applicant also holds a comparable out-of-state certificate, then the applicant is eligible for a provisional certificate. (For more information about provisional certificates, see page 34.)

Additional Information for Individuals Prepared in Out-of-State Institutions

An applicant who holds or is eligible to hold another state's teacher, school service personnel, or administrative certificate may be granted a corresponding Illinois certificate upon the following conditions:

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1) All statutory requirements and professional education and area of specialization requirements in effect in Illinois at the time application is made are met and verified through a transcript evaluation of credits.

2) All non-educational requirements (e.g., age, citizenship or eligibility for employment, good character, experience for administrative certification) are met.

3) The institution where the applicant completed the program and degree was recognized by the state agency in the state in which the institution is located and qualified the person for certification in that state.

4) The out-of-state certificate for which the applicant is eligible is comparable to the Illinois certificate for which application is made. A comparable certificate shall be determined on the basis of:

a) the degree to which the grade level of certification in Illinois is most nearly like that of the other state (e.g., a K-6 certificate in another state most nearly approximates the Illinois K-9 certificate and therefore would be comparable); and/or

b) the subject area for which a certificate is endorsed or an area of school service or administration in Illinois is most nearly like that of the other state (e.g., a Principal's certificate in another state most nearly approximates the Illinois General Administrative endorsement on the Administrative Certificate and therefore would be comparable).

It is the responsibility of the out-of-state institution of higher learning to provide this information. The approved program verification form must be properly completed and sealed by the institution and must accompany an official transcript of credits.

Application Procedures for Individuals with Foreign Credentials

The differences between the education system of the United States and systems of other countries necessitate that all individuals submitting foreign credits of any type comply with the following requirements in addition to those listed on pages 3 and 4.

1) Submit evidence that they are legally present and eligible for employment.

2) Complete and forward an educational chronology listing all schools attended from kindergarten through the university level; the specific dates of attendance for each; and any degrees, diplomas, or awards received with the date of receipt.

3) Submit original official transcripts, degrees, diplomas, professional titles and examination results, including secondary level. Copies will not be accepted. Original documents will be returned to the applicant.

4) Any documents in a foreign language must be accompanied by a certified translation completed by a university, foreign consulate or equivalent translation source.

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Waivers of Requirements

The following waivers of state requirements are provided when the applicant submits the required documentation.

Student Teaching

Applicants with a minimum of five semester hours in student teaching and evidence of successful teaching experience need not complete additional student teaching coursework. For early childhood certificates, individuals with successful teaching experience and five semester hours of student teaching at the prekindergarten or the primary grade level (K-3) are not required to take another practicum at the preschool level. "Successful teaching experience" means official verification by an employing public school or private nonpublic school authority of classroom teaching experience in a school under that board's or authority's jurisdiction which was judged by the employer to be appropriate and satisfactory. The length of the teaching experience should minimally be three (3) months' duration during which time supervisors will have had opportunity for observation and evaluation. Day-to-day substitute experience is not acceptable toward meeting the "successful teaching experience" requirement. See below for verification procedures.

Applicants without credit in student teaching qualify for a waiver of student teaching upon presentation of a bachelor's degree from a recognized teacher education institution, 16 semester hours of professional education credit and 5 years of teaching experience on a valid certificate.

Pre-Student Teaching Clinical Experience

For elementary certificates, individuals with successful teaching experience at the K-9 level need not complete pre-student teaching clinical experiences. See below for verification procedures.

For high school certificates, individuals with successful teaching experience at the 6-12 level need not complete pre-student teaching clinical experiences. See below for verification procedures.

For special certificates (K-12), individuals with successful teaching experience in the area of requested certification need not complete pre-student teaching clinical experiences. See below for verification procedures.

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General Education Requirements

Applicants whose colleges complete a "State Approved Program Verification Form" (ISBE 73-05) are eligible for a waiver of general education requirements when an evaluation has determined that the applicant has met all statutory, professional education and area of specialization requirements. The eighteen semester hour area of additional study listed under item A-6 of the elementary and early childhood general education requirements is an area of specialization and may not be waived.

Verification Procedures for Waivers

of Student Teaching and Clinical Experiences

If an applicant's teaching experience applies to a waiver in one of the above areas, the applicant should obtain verification from the employing district superintendent or authorized representative of the district school board. Verification of Chicago Public Schools employment must originate from the Bureau of Teacher Personnel of the Chicago Board of Education.

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The verification should be in the form of an original signed statement from one of the individuals named above describing the level of experience, the subject fields, the type of certificate held, the employment dates, the schools in which the applicant was employed, and whether the official considered the applicant's experience to be successful.

Testing Requirement: Illinois Certification Testing System

All persons seeking early childhood, elementary, high school, special, school service personnel, and administrative certificates in Illinois must pass the Illinois Certification Testing System (ICTS) basic skills test and an ICTS test of subject-matter knowledge. This requirement applies to new graduates from teacher preparation programs, educators moving to Illinois from other states, and Illinois educators applying for additional certificates. (NOTE: A person who has taken and passed the ICTS basic skills test for a certificate that was issued after July 1, 1988, will not be required to retake the ICTS basic skills test when seeking any subsequent certificate.)

What tests are offered? The Illinois Certification Testing System consists of one basic skills test and 53 subject-matter tests. The basic skills test, which all candidates for certification are required to take, covers reading, writing, grammar, and mathematics.

The subject-matter tests are listed by certificate type on Page 9.

What subject-matter test must I take? If you are enrolled in an approved teacher education program in Illinois, you must take the subject-matter test that corresponds to the program (or programs) in which you are enrolled. If you are completing two certification fields, e.g., elementary and high school English or educable mentally handicapped and trainable mentally handicapped, you must take two subject-matter tests. (Persons holding elementary or high school certificates who wish to add additional endorsements to these certificates need not take additional ICTS examinations. )

Individuals who are applying for certification by transcript evaluation must take the subject-matter test(s) which most closely correspond(s) to the field(s) in which their certificate will be issued. In the case of the high school certificate, the test must be taken in the 32-semester hour major field of specialization. Applicants will be advised, via their deficiency statements, of the specific test(s) required.

It is the individual's responsibility to take the basic skills test and the appropriate subject matter knowledge test(s). If you have questions about which test(s) you will be required to take, contact your certification officer or regional superintendent of schools or the Illinois State Board of Education.

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Required Test by Certificate Field

Certification Field 					Required Test
If you are seeking the:                 You must take and pass the Basic Skills test (96)
                                        and the following subject-matter knowledge test:
   
							Test
                                                        Code    Test Name
   
A.	Early Childhood Certificate (Pre-K through 3)	(02)	Early Childhood
   
B.      Elementary Certificate (K-9)                    (03)    Elementary
   
C.	High School Certificate (6-12)			One of the Following in your
                                                        major field of study:
   
                                                        (23)    History
                                                        (24)    Social Science
                                                        (25)    English
                                                        (26)    Spanish
                                                        (27)    French
                                                        (28)    German
                                                        (29)    Hebrew
                                                        (30)    Italian
                                                        (31)    Latin
                                                        (32)    Russian
                                                        (33)    Dance
                                                        (34)    Speech
                                                        (35)    Biological Science
                                                        (36)    Mathematics
                                                        (37)    Chemistry
                                                        (38)    Computer Science
                                                        (39)    General Science
                                                        (40)    Physical Science
                                                        (41)    Physics
                                                        (42)    Health
                                                        (43)    Health Occupations
                                                        (44)    Home Economics
                                                        (45)    Industrial Technology Education
                                                        (46)    Agriculture
                                                        (47)    Business/Marketing/Management
                                                        (51)    Art(6-12)
                                                        (52)    Music (6-12)
                                                        (53)    Physical Education (6-12)
                                                        (54)    Theater Arts
   
D.	Standard Special Certificates (K-12)
   
        Educable Mentally Handicapped                   (04)    Educable Mentally Handicapped
        Trainable Mentally Handicapped                  (05)    Trainable Mentally Handicapped
        Learning Disabilities                           (06)    Learning Disabilities
        Social/Emotional Disorders                      (07)    Social/Emotional Disorders
        Deaf and Hard of Hearing                        (08)    Deaf and Hard of Hearing
        Speech and Language Impaired                    (09)    Speech and Language Impaired
        Blind and Partially Sighted                     (10)    Blind and Partially Sighted
        Physically Handicapped                          (11)    Physically Handicapped
        Media                                           (12)    Media
        Reading                                         (13)    Reading
        English as a Second Language                    (14)    English as a Second Language
        Art(K-12)                                       (48)    Art(K-12)
        Music (K-12)                                    (49)    Music (K-12)
        Physical Education (K-12)                       (50)    Physical Education (K-12)
   
 
   E.   School Service Personnel Certificates
   
Guidance                                                (15)    Guidance
   School Psychology                                    (16)    School Psychology
   School Social Work                                   (17)    School Social Work
   School Nurse                                         (16)    School Nurse
   
F.	Administrative Certificates
   
General Supervisory					(19)	General Supervisory
   General Administrative                               (20)    General Administrative
   Superintendent                                       (21)    Superintendent
   Chief School Business Official                       (22)    Chief School Business Official
 

Note: You must take and pass BOTH the Basic Skills test (96) AND the appropriate subject-matter knowledge test(s) to fulfill the Illinois Certification Testing System requirement. You will NOT be automatically registered for the Basic Skills test. If you wish to take the Basic Skills test, be sure to indicate so on your registration form.

It is the applicant's responsibility to take the appropriate subject-matter test. If you are uncertain about which test you must take, contact the Certification and Placement Section at 217/782-2805.

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When should I take the tests and how do I register? The tests are given at four regularly scheduled administrations per year. Complete information on the testing program including registration deadlines and when and where you can take the tests is included in the Registration Bulletin for the Illinois Certification Testing System. Individuals who are issued provisional certificates must complete the testing requirement no later than nine months from the issue date of the certificate if they wish to extend the life of the provisional certificate for the maximum two-year period, otherwise, the certificate will be canceled. Passing test scores will be accepted as part of an application for certification for up to five years.

The Registration Bulletin also includes the study guide for the Basic Skills test. Registration Bulletins and study guides for the subject-matter tests are available from your regional superintendent of schools, Illinois colleges and universities offering approved teacher education programs, and the Certification and Placement Section of the Illinois State Board of Education.

Reporting of Scores

Applicants should not send their test scores to their regional superintendent or to the Certification and Placement Section. After each test administration and at the same time that examinees receive their test scores, their scores are automatically added to their certification files. If there are no Other deficiencies, the applicant will be issued a certificate. If there are deficiencies, the file will not be updated until a remaining deficiency is removed. (An individual's test scores are to be used solely by the Illinois State Board of Education for certification purposes.)

Endorsement of Teaching Certificates

All elementary and high school certificates issued since July 1, 1986 have been endorsed for all the subject areas for which the holder qualifies to teach at the time the certificate is issued. (See Appendix A for Staff Qualifications.)

Coursework is counted in each subject area for which the work meets the standards established for the area. In subjects for which there are no established standards, applicants must have 32 semester hours in the area in order to be endorsed.

An individual who wishes to have additional endorsements added to an elementary or high school certificate may make application on form ISBE 73-52, "Application for Endorsement of Elementary or High School Certificate." Upon submission of the required fee, the holder of the certificate may either request an evaluation for all areas or apply for evaluation for specific endorsements. Effective 1/1/94 the $20 fee increases to $30. A person who requests all areas of qualification shall receive a certificate with all endorsements for which the holder qualifies. One who requests specific areas shall be granted a certificate endorsed for the areas for which the holder qualifies and/or receive notice of endorsement deficiencies. The fee shall be honored for the remainder of the fiscal year of issuance, and applicants with endorsement deficiencies shall be permitted to return their certificates during that time for removal of the deficiencies and issuance of the remaining endorsement(s). To add endorsements to an existing elementary or high school certificate, ICTS testing is not required.

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REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION

General Education Definitions

The definitions below apply to the general education requirements and may be of assistance in understanding the terms used in the requirements.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT: The study of the process of control and administration of public policy in the United States, focusing especially on the origins, structure and interactions of the nation's political institutions. Coursework must explicitly include study of the United States Constitution and the federal government system.

AMERICAN HISTORY: The study of the peoples, cultures and events which have contributed to the development of the United States. Coursework must include a chronological account of the origins and development of the United States with emphasis on the contributions of different cultures and political systems.

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ANTHROPOLOGY: The study of the distribution, origin, classification and relationships of humanity. Coursework includes archaeology, physical anthropology and socio-cultural anthropology.

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE: The study of the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms, including coursework in biology, botany and zoology.

COMMUNICATION SKILLS: The study of the theory and practice of exchanging thoughts, messages and information with others in both oral and written form, including the principles governing oral and written discourse and skills in oral and written expression in English. Coursework includes the areas of rhetoric, speech, communication and composition.

Oral Communication: Coursework includes public speaking, forensics, oral reading, discussion principles, parliamentary law, oral interpretation.

Written Communication: Coursework includes exposition, creative writing, composition, technical writing, business communication.

CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY: The study of humanity's relationship with the environment and the effects of geography on human social systems. Coursework includes ethnogeography, human migration, resource management and policy, geopolitical systems, organization of inter- and intra-urban systems.

ECONOMICS: The study of the science of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Coursework includes macro-economics, micro-economics and econometrics.

ENDORSEMENT: The written notation entered upon the face of a teaching certificate designating the specific subjects which an individual is qualified to teach.

ENGLISH: The study of the word formation, syntax and semantics of the English language, focusing primarily and explicitly on its historical development and including a systematic description and analysis of English. Coursework includes English grammar, literature and composition.

FINE ARTS: The study of artistic expression in the areas of art, dance, music and theater. Coursework includes history, theory and studio.

FOREIGN LANGUAGE: The study of a language other than English. Coursework includes composition, conversation, culture, literature and laboratory.

HEALTH: The study of the dynamic interaction and interdependence among an individual's physical well- being, mental and emotional reactions, and the social setting in which the individual exists. Coursework includes personal health, mental and emotional health, prevention and control of disease, nutrition, substance use and abuse, accident prevention and safety, community health, environmental health, and family life education.

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HISTORY: The study of systematic written or visual accounts. of events affecting nations, institutions or peoples. Coursework includes ancient, medieval and modern history.

HUMANITIES: The study of subjects concerned with humans and their culture, including history, literature, philosophy, religion and the visual, musical and theatrical arts. Coursework includes the history, analysis and understanding of imaginative art forms and the study of languages.

LANGUAGE ARTS: Reading, oral and written expression, grammar, spelling, handwriting, literature for children and other literature as is commonly found in the courses of study in the elementary schools will be accepted.

LINGUISTICS: The study of the nature and structure of human language. Coursework includes phonology, phonetics, morphology, syntax, dialectology, language typology, semantics, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics.

LITERATURE: The study of imaginative or creative writing in prose or verse, especially of traditionally recognized artistic value, including coursework devoted primarily and explicitly to study of literary texts.

MATHEMATICS: The study of numbers, their form, arrangement and associated relationships, with coursework focusing on the history, structure and philosophy of mathematics, as well as mathematics topics such as symbolic logic; axiomatics; discrete mathematics; set and number theory; linear and abstract algebra; plane, solid and analytic geometry; calculus; analysis; probability and statistics; and topology. Coursework for individuals seeking Early Childhood or Elementary certification should primarily and explicitly focus on the study of number systems (whole, integer, rational and real), intuitive geometry, measurement, probability and statistics, and elementary concepts of calculator and computer usage in mathematics.

NON-WESTERN OR THIRD-WORLD CULTURE: The study of social, political and cultural development in Third World cultures. Coursework includes the study of the people and cultures of Asia, Africa, and Central and South America.

PHILOSOPHY: The study of systematization, or organization, and criticisms of knowledge. Coursework includes the general categories of aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, metaphysics, religion and numerous subcategories.

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: The study of the psychomotor domain with emphasis on the potential and limitations of mind and body. Coursework includes maintenance of physical health and physical fitness, motor skill acquisition, and injury prevention and control.

PHYSICAL SCIENCE: The study of the history, philosophy and methodologies used to describe the physical universe, including coursework in astronomy, chemistry, earth science, physics, geology and physical geography.

POLITICAL SCIENCE: The study of the structure and processes of political systems, including the development of public policy. Coursework includes political systems, governmental structures, public law, public administration, and political culture.

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PSYCHOLOGY: The study of mental processes and animal and human behavior. Coursework includes the areas of individual and group psychology.

SEMESTER HOUR: The basis for calculating college work shall be the semester hour, which is one recitation or lecture period not less than fifty minutes in length, or an equivalent laboratory period, each week, for at least sixteen weeks.

SOCIAL SCIENCE: The study of human achievement, including the development, history and character of social, cultural and political organizations and of methodologies used to describe and interpret these areas. Social science includes coursework in the areas of anthropology, cultural and political geography, economics, political science, sociology, and psychology.

SOCIOLOGY: The study of the development, structure, function and interaction of human groups. Coursework includes social organizations, social psychology, crime, delinquency and deviancy, population and human ecology, social inequalities, social movements.

I. EARLY CHILDHOOD CERTIFICATE

NOTE: There are two kinds of valid early childhood certificates. The first certificate which is no longer issued is valid for use only with children age 0 through 6 excluding kindergarten. The second and current certificate described below is valid for children age 0 through grade 3. Both certificates are still valid for the age or grade levels indicated on the certificate, and an individual with the older certificate and teaching experience may apply for and be evaluated for the certificate currently issued.

The Early Childhood certificate is valid for teaching children from birth through grade three in facilities approved by the State Board of Education. This certificate may be issued to graduates with a bachelor's degree from a recognized college who have successfully completed the required certification examinations and who present certified evidence of having earned credit as follows:

Semester Hours

A. General Education

1. Communication Skills 9

a) Oral Communication 3

b) Written Communication 6

2. Mathematics and Science 18

a) Mathematics 6

b) Biological and Physical Sciences

(including one laboratory course) 12

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3. Humanities* 12

a) American History** 3

b) History** and/or

c) English and/or

d) Literature and/or

e) Foreign Language and/or

f) Fine Arts (Art, Music, Theater) and/or

g) Linguistics and/or

h) Philosophy to total 9

4. Social Science* 12

a) American Government 3

b) Political Science and/or

c) Anthropology and/or

d) Cultural Geography and/or

e) Economics and/or

f) Psychology and/or

g) Sociology to total 9

5. Health and Physical Development 2

a) Health and/or

b) Physical Development

6. Additional study in one of the disciplines listed in

subsections 2, 3, and 4 above, including a minimum

of 9 semester hours of upper division coursework 18

Total 71

* At least one 3-semester-hour course must be taken in non-Western or Third-World cultures from either Humanities or Social Science.

** Courses in American History or History may be applied toward meeting either the Humanities or the Social Science requirements.

B. Professional Education

1. Child Growth and Development with emphasis

on the young child 3

2. History and Philosophy of Early Childhood

Education 3

3. Types of instructional methods including study

of activity/learning centers; individualization;

educational play; and media and their utilization

in extending the child's understanding of art,

music, literature, reading instruction, mathematics,

and social science 4

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4. Methods of teaching reading, with emphasis on

the young child 2

5. Techniques and methodologies of teaching

language arts, mathematics, science and social

studies at the primary level 4

6. The development and acquisition of language

in young children 2

7. Child, family and community relationships 3

8. Coursework equivalent to three (3) semester

hours on the psychology of exceptional children,

identification of exceptional children, and methods

of teaching exceptional children. Learning

disabilities must be. explicitly included in this

coursework 3

9. Pre-student teaching clinical experiences

equivalent to 100 clock hours, including

experience with infants/toddlers, preschool/

kindergarten children, and primary school students

10. Student teaching* 5

11. Electives in professional education 3

Total 32

*Those who have had five semester hours of student teaching at the prekindergarten or the primary grade level (K-3) and who have had successful teaching experience are not required to take another practicum at the preschool level. Applicants seeking this waiver should secure official letters from the employing school district and/or the college or university documenting the nature and duration of their teaching and the grade level of their student teaching assignment.

C. General Electives to make a total of 120

II. STANDARD ELEMENTARY CERTIFICATE

The Standard Elementary Certificate is valid for 4 years for teaching in kindergarten through grade nine of the common schools. This certificate may be issued to graduates with a bachelor's degree from a recognized college who have successfully completed the required certification examinations and who present certified evidence of having earned credits as follows:

Semester Hours

A. General Education

1. Communication Skills 9

a) Oral Communication 3

b) Written Communication 6

Page 16

2. Mathematics and Science 18

a) Mathematics 6

b) Biological and Physical Sciences

(including one laboratory course) 12

3. Humanities* 15

a) American History** 3

b) English 3

c) History** and/or

d) English and/or

e) Literature and/or

f) Foreign Language and/or

g) Fine Arts (Art, Music, Theater) and/or

h) Linguistics and/or

i) Philosophy to total 9

4. Social Science* 9

a) American Government 3

b) Political Science and/or

c) Anthropology and/or

d) Cultural Geography and/or

e) Economics and/or

f) Psychology and/or

g) Sociology to total 6

5. Health and Physical Development 2

a) Health and/or

b) Physical Development

Additional study in one of the disciplines listed

in subsections 2, 3, and 4, including a minimum

of 9 semester hours of upper division coursework 18

Total 71

* At least one 3-semester-hour course must be taken in non-Western or Third-World cultures from either the Humanities or Social Science.

** Courses in American History or History may be applied toward meeting either the Humanities or the Social Science requirements.

B. Professional Education

1. Educational Psychology (including Human Growth

and Development) 2

Page 17

2. Methods and Techniques of Teaching at the

Elementary Level 2

3. History and/or Philosophy of Education 2

4. Methods of Teaching Reading 2

5. Pre-student teaching clinical experiences

equivalent to 100 clock hours*

6. Coursework, equivalent to three (3) semester hours,

on the psychology of exceptional children,

identification of exceptional children, and methods of

teaching exceptional children. Learning disabilities

must be explicitly included in this coursework.

7. Student Teaching (Grades K-9)** 5

8. Electives in Professional Education may be

taken from the above fields and/or Guidance,

Tests and Measurements, and Instructional

Materials to total 16

Applicants with successful teaching experience at the K-9 level need not complete pre-student teaching clinical experiences.

Applicants presenting the required credit in student teaching and evidence of successful teaching experience need not complete another student teaching experience.

If the grade level of your student teaching was not on the elementary level, it will be necessary for you to submit a letter of verification of successful teaching experience from the appropriate school district where you were employed. This letter should state all employment dates, the schools in which you were employed, your assignment and the type of teaching certificate held. Verification of Chicago, Illinois, teaching experience should be obtained from the Bureau of Teacher Personnel of the Chicago Board of Education. These official letters must be submitted to the office of the Regional Superintendent of Schools of the Illinois county in which application is being made.

C. General Electives to make a total of 120

III. STANDARD HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATE

The Standard High School Certificate is valid for 4 years for teaching in grades six through twelve of the common schools. This certificate may be issued to graduates with a bachelor's degree from a recognized college who have successfully completed the required certification examinations and who present certified evidence of having earned credits as follows:

Semester Hours

A. General Education

1. Communication Skills 9

a) Oral Communication 3

b) Written Communication 6

Page 18

2. Mathematics and Science 12

a) Mathematics 3

b) Biological and Physical Sciences

(including one laboratory course) 9

3. Humanities* 15

a) American History** 3

b) English 3

c) History and/or

d) English and/or

e) Literature and/or

f) Foreign Language and/or

g) Fine Arts (Art, Music, Theater) and/or

h) Linguistics and/or

I) Philosophy to total 9

4. Social Science* 9

a) American Government 3

b) Political Science and/or

c) Anthropology and/or

d) Cultural Geography and/or

e) Economics and/or

f) Psychology and/or

g) Sociology to total 6

5. Health and Physical Development 2

a) Health and/or

b) Physical Development

Total 47

* At least one 3-semester-hour course must be taken in non-Western or Third-World cultures from either the Humanities or Social Science.

** Courses in American History or History may be applied toward meeting either the Humanities or the Social Science requirements.

B. Professional Education

1. Educational Psychology (including Human Growth

and Development) 2

2. Methods and Techniques of Teaching at the Secondary

Level or in a Teaching Field 2

3. History and/or Philosophy of Education 2

4. Pre-student teaching clinical experiences equivalent

to 100 clock hours*

Page 19

5. Coursework, equivalent to three (3) semester hours,

on the psychology of exceptional children,

identification of exceptional children, and methods of

teaching exceptional children. Learning disabilities

must be explicitly included in this coursework.

6. Student Teaching (Grades 6-12)** 5

7. Electives in Professional Education may be taken

from the above fields and/or Guidance, Tests and

Measurements, Methods of Teaching Reading, and

Instructional Materials to total 16

* Applicants with successful teaching experience at the 6-12 level need not complete pre-student teaching clinical experiences.

** Applicants presenting the required credit in student teaching and evidence of successful teaching experience need not complete another student teaching experience.

If the grade level of your student teaching was not on the high school level, it will be necessary for you to submit a letter of verification of successful teaching experience from the appropriate school district official where you were employed. This letter should state all employment dates, the schools in which you were employed, your assignment and the type of teaching certificate held.

Verification of Chicago, Illinois, teaching experience should be obtained from the Bureau of Teacher Personnel of the Chicago Board of Education. These official letters must be submitted to the office of the Regional Superintendent of Schools of the Illinois county in which application is being made.

C. One Major Area of Specialization 32

Note: If your area of specialization is the same as one of the General Education categories, then the same courses may be used for both requirements.

D. General Electives to make a total of 120

IV. STANDARD SPECIAL CERTIFICATE

The Standard Special Certificate is valid for 4 years for teaching the special subject(s) named on the certificate in all grades of the common schools. This certificate may be issued to graduates with a bachelor's degree from a recognized college who have successfully completed the required certification examinations and who present evidence of having earned credits as follows:

Semester Hours

A. General Education

1. Communication Skills 9

a) Oral Communication 3

b) Written Communication 6

Page 20

2. Mathematics and Science 12

a) Mathematics 3

b) Biological and Physical Sciences

(including one laboratory course) 9

3. Humanities* 15

a) American History** 3

b) English 3

c) History and/or

d) English and/or

e) Literature and/or

f) Foreign Language and/or

g) Fine Arts (Art, Music, Theater) and/or

h) Linguistics and/or

i) Philosophy to total 9

4. Social Science* 9

a) American Government 3

b) Political Science and/or

c) Anthropology and/or

d) Cultural Geography and/or

e) Economics and/or

f) Psychology and/or

g) Sociology to total 6

5. Health and Physical Development 2

a) Health and/or

b) Physical Development

Total ....... 47

* At least one 3-semester-hour course must be taken in non-Western or Third-World cultures from either the Humanities or Social Science.

** Courses in American History or History may be applied toward meeting either the Humanities or the Social Science requirements.

B. Professional Education

1. Educational Psychology (including Human Growth

and Development) 2

2. Methods and Techniques of Teaching in the Area of

Specialization 2

Page 21

3. History and/or Philosophy of Education 2

4. Pre-student teaching clinical experiences at the

elementary and secondary levels equivalent to

100 clock hours in the area of specialization*

5. Coursework, equivalent to three (3) semester hours,

on the psychology of exceptional children,

identification of exceptional children,

and methods of teaching exceptional children.

Learning disabilities must be explicitly

included in this coursework.

6. Student Teaching in the Area of Specialization

(Grades K-12)** 5

7. Electives in Professional Education may be taken

from the above fields and/or Guidance, Tests

and Measurements, Methods of Teaching

Reading, and Instructional Materials to total 16

* Applicants with successful teaching experience in the field of specialization need not complete

pre-student teaching clinical experiences.

** Applicants presenting the required credit in student teaching and evidence of successful teaching experience need not complete another student teaching experience.

C. Area of Specialization 32

Note: If your area of specialization is the same as one of the General Education categories, then the same courses may be used for both requirements.

D. General Electives to make a total of 120

Supervisory Endorsement on the Standard Special Certificate

The Standard Special Certificate is valid for teaching and supervising in a special area when the holder files evidence of.' (a) possessing a master's degree or higher from a recognized institution of higher learning; (b) possessing eight semester hours of graduate professional education which shall include at least one course primarily and explicitly related to the supervision of personnel and one course primarily and explicitly related to the administration and organization of schools; and (c) at least two years of appropriate teaching experience.

Application Procedures for Supervisory Endorsement on the Standard Special Certificate. Anyone desiring the supervisory endorsement should submit all official documentation through the office of a regional superintendent of schools with an application and a certified check, money order or bank draft made payable to the State Teacher Certification Board. The present $20 fee is increased to $30 effective January 1, 1994.

Note to applicants seeking information on special education requirements: Those who are interested in specific requirements for special education certification or approval should obtain a copy of the "Special Education Certification and Approval Requirements and Procedures" available from the Certification and Placement Section upon request.

Page 22

V. SCHOOL SERVICE PERSONNEL CERTIFICATE

Individuals seeking any endorsement on the School Service Personnel certificate must complete an approved program. Only those individuals who have a comparable certificate from another state or who have completed a comparable approved program in another state may seek the certificate by transcript evaluation.

A School Service Personnel Certificate with endorsements for School Social Worker, School Psychologist, Guidance and School Nurse may be issued to qualified applicants and may be used for the area of service endorsed on the face of the certificate, but may not be used for classroom teaching.

Requirements for the School Social Worker Endorsement

The basis for the School Social Worker Endorsement on the School Service Personnel Certificate shall be completion of a state-approved program in school social work including the Master of Social Work Degree from a graduate school of social work accredited by the Council on Social Work Education and successful completion of the required certification examinations.

Requirements for the Certification of School Psychologists

Educational Requirements:

A. Must have graduated with a master's degree or higher degree in psychology or educational psychology with specialization in school psychology, including a minimum of sixty (60) semester hours of coursework, field experiences, and internship at the graduate level. All academic work listed in subsection (B) of this Section is required and may be met through completion of titled courses, seminars, or practica. The requirements designated by asterisks must be met at the graduate level, while completion of the other areas is acceptable at either the graduate or the undergraduate level. Graduate credit may also be earned for academic work in related fields such as special education and educational psychology. All applicants must successfully complete the required certification examinations.

B. Content Areas and Courses

Graduate Semester Hours

1. Educational Foundations 3

a. Exceptional Individuals

b. Regular and/or Special Education Methods

c. Foundations/Supervision/Administration of Regular

and/or Special Education*

Page 23

2. Psychological Foundations 9

a. Learning/Cognitive Processes*

b. Child/Developmental Psychology*

c. Child Psychopathology/Behaviorally Disturbed

d. Biological Bases of Behavior (e.g., neurological,

physiological, and biochemical)

e. Personality

3. Professional School Psychology 2

School Psychology*

4. Assessment (Ages 0-21) 8

a. Individual Nondiscriminatory Intellectual

Assessment*

b. Nondiscriminatory Personality Assessment

(Personal/Social/Adaptive Behaviors)*

c. Nondiscriminatory Psychoeducational Assessment*

5. Intervention (from 2 of the following) 6

a. Behavior Management]Modification

b. Counseling and/or Psychotherapeutic Methods

c. Consultation

6. Statistics/Measurement/Research 3

a. Statistical Methods

b. Research Methods

c. Psychological Measurement/Tests and Measurement

7. Field Experiences (must include a minimum of 250

clock hours in a school setting and/or child student center) 2

Practicum*

8. Internship 4

The internship shall be a full school year in duration and include at least 1,200 clock hours under the direction of an intern supervisor.

Page 24

C. Must have had at least one year of supervised professional psychological experience with children of school age, preferably in a school setting and under the supervision of an individual qualified as a supervising psychologist.

1. Interpretation of Terms

a. "One year" means a school year as defined by Section 10-19 of The School Code. Periods of less than three (3) consecutive months may not be included.

b. "Full-time" means full-time as defined by the board of education in the system in which the individual is employed, but in no case less than twenty-five (25) hours per week.

c. "Supervised experience" means full-time work, acquired after the satisfactory completion of all academic requirements except thesis and/or internship for the master's degree or higher degree, with school children of all ages, including work with exceptional children under the supervision of a school psychologist or other psychologist who would qualify as a school psychologist and who has a minimum of three years of experience in the psychological assessment of children of school age.

D. Additional Qualifications Required

1. Proficiency in individual psychological examination of children including educational diagnostic techniques; ability to plan and carry out a diagnosis adequate for each particular case; ability to handle staff conferences, interpret data, and write adequate reports; proficiency in counseling and other functions that may be needed to supplement the psychological assessment of children.

2. Ability and willingness to work according to high standards of competence and comply with the code of ethics of recognized professional associations.

3. Good character, good health, citizen of the United States and at least nineteen (19) years of age, in accordance with Section 21-1 of The School Code.

Requirements for the Guidance Endorsement

All persons requesting a Guidance Specialist endorsement must meet the following requirements and must successfully complete the required certification examinations.

A. Guidance specialists must hold or be qualified for a standard teaching certificate.

B. Guidance specialists must hold a master's degree from a recognized teacher education institution.

Page 25

C. Guidance specialists must complete an approved program in guidance from a recognized college or university, consisting of 39 semester hours of coursework at the graduate level. Courses in all of the following content areas are required, and the required credit hours may be earned through completion of titled courses, seminars, or practice covering the areas described.

1. Human Growth and Development (3 hours)

Includes studies that provide a broad understanding of the nature and needs of individuals at all developmental levels. Emphasis is placed on psychological, sociological, and physiological approaches. Also included are such areas as human behavior (normal and abnormal), personality theory, and learning theory.

2. Social and Cultural Foundations (3 hours)

Includes studies of change, ethnic groups, subcultures, changing roles of women, sexism, urban and rural societies, population patterns, cultural mores, use of leisure time, and differing life patterns. Such disciplines as the behavioral sciences, economics, and political science are involved.

3. The Helping Relationship (6 hours)

Includes philosophic bases of helping relationships; counseling theory, supervised practice, and application; consultation theory, supervised practice, and application; and an emphasis on development of counselor and client (or consultee) self-awareness and self-understanding.

4. Groups (3 hours)

Includes theory and types of groups as well as descriptions of group practices, methods, dynamics, and facilitative skills. This area also includes supervised practice.

5. Life Style and Career Development (3 hours)

Includes such areas as vocational choice theory, relationship between career choice and life style, sources of occupational and educational information, computerized guidance services, financial aid, college admissions, approaches to career decision-making processes, and career development exploration techniques.

6. Appraisal of the Individual (3 hours)

Includes the development of a framework for understanding the individual, including methods of data-gathering and interpretation, individual and group testing, case study approaches, and the study of individual differences. Ethnic, cultural, and gender-related factor are also considered.

7. Research and Evaluation (3 hours)

Includes such areas as statistics, research design, and the development of research and demonstration proposals. It also includes understanding legislation relating to the development of research, programs, and demonstration proposals, as well as the development and evaluation of program objectives.

Page 26

8. Professional Orientation (3 hours)

Includes goals and objectives of professional organizations, code of ethics, legal considerations, standards of preparation, certification, licensing, and role identity of counselors and other school service personnel.

9. Environmental Studies (6 hours)

Includes the study of the school environment in which the student is planning to work. This area encompasses history, philosophy, trends, purposes, ethics, legal aspects, standards, and roles within the institution. Issues such as chemical dependency, sexuality, and the effects of single-parent homes and blended families must be covered, as well as the needs of special populations, such as bilingual children or children with physical or mental disabilities.

10. Supervised Experience (6 hours)

a. Appropriate supervised experiences provide for the knowledge and skills gained

in didactic study.

i) Supervised experiences must take place in settings that are compatible

with the career goal of becoming a school counselor.

ii) Supervised experiences must include observation and direct work with

individuals and groups within an appropriate work setting.

iii) Supervised experiences must provide opportunities for professional

relationships with staff members in the work settings.

b. Laboratory, practicum, and internship activities with an appropriate,

school-aged population.

c. Laboratory experiences, providing both observation and participation in specific activities, must be offered throughout the preparatory program.

d. At least 3 semester hours must be earned in a supervised counseling practicum providing interaction with individuals and groups of an appropriate, school-aged population. The practicum must include a minimum of 100 clock hours, 40 hours of which must involve direct service work with school- aged children.

e. At least 3 semester hours must be earned in a postpracticum internship that provides an actual on-the-job experience in a school setting. The internship must be a sustained, continuous, structured and supervised experience lasting for a substantial period of time in which the candidate engages in the performance of various aspects of the counseling role and is gradually introduced to the full range of responsibilities associated with that role.

i) The internship shall be waived for an applicant who holds a comparable out-of-state school service personnel certificate and has had two years' experience as a school counselor.

Page 27

ii) For applicants with less than two years of teaching experience, the internship must include a minimum of 600 clock hours, 240 hours of which must involve direct service with an appropriate clientele.

iii) For applicants with two or more years of teaching experience, the internship must include a minimum of 300 clock hours, 200 of which must involve direct service contact with an appropriate clientele.

iv) "Appropriate clientele" means school-aged children, parents, teachers, and other parties interested in student's welfare.

Requirements for the School Nurse Endorsement

A. Baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution

B. Illinois license for a registered professional nurse

C. A total minimum of 30 undergraduate or graduate semester hours selected from the following: (Starred areas are mandatory.)

*Introduction to Public Health Nursing Theory and Practice

*Human Growth and Development

*Introduction to Community Health Problems

*Educational Psychology

*Introductory Sociology

*History and Philosophy of Education

*The Exceptional Child

Nutrition

Communicative Skills

Social Case Work

Mental Health

School Administration

Guidance and Counseling

Health Education

Curriculum Design

Diversified Occupations-Health Careers

Child and Adolescent Psychology

D. One year internship under supervision of a fully qualified school nurse or two years successful experience as a school nurse prior to July 1, 1972.

E. Successful completion of the required certification examinations.

NOTE: Nurses presently holding a Standard Teacher Nurse Consultant Certificate shall, upon application, be issued a School Service Personnel Certificate with a School Nurse Endorsement if they were certificated prior to July 1, 1972.

Page 28

Requirements for the Supervisory Endorsement on the School Service Personnel Certificate

The holder of the School Service Personnel Certificate may have the added endorsement for supervision upon presentation of evidence of.'

A. Possessing a master's degree or higher from a recognized institution of higher learning,

B. Possessing eight semester hours of graduate professional education which shall include at least one course related primarily and explicitly to the supervision of personnel and one course primarily and explicitly related to the administration and organization of schools,

C. At least two years of appropriate school service personnel experience.

Anyone desiring the supervisory endorsement should submit all official documentation through the office of a Regional Superintendent of Schools with an application and a certified check, money order or bank draft made payable to the State Teacher Certification Board. The present $20 fee increases to $30 effective January 1, 1994.

VI. ADMINISTRATIVE CERTIFICATE

Until January 1986, all administrative certificates were valid for four years and could be

renewed by maintaining annual registration. Beginning January 1, 1986, all

administrative certificates issued are valid for five years and may be renewed.

The Administrative Certificate valid for supervising and administering in the common schools may be issued to persons who have graduated from a recognized institution of higher learning with a master's degree and who have been certified by these institutions of higher learning as having completed a program of preparation for one or more of these endorsements. Such programs of academic and professional preparation required for endorsement shall be administered by the institution in accordance with standards set forth by the State Board of Education in consultation with the State Teacher Certification Board.

Any limited or life supervisory certificate issued prior to July 1, 1968, shall continue to be valid for all administrative and supervisory positions in the public schools for which it is valid as of that date, as long as its holder meets the requirements for registration or renewal as set forth in the statutes or until revoked according to law.

The administrative or supervisory positions for which the certificate shall be valid shall be determined by one or more of 4 endorsements: General Supervisory, General Administrative, Chief School Business Official and Superintendent.

Page 29

Requirements for General Supervisory Endorsement

This endorsement is required for supervisors, curriculum directors and other similar or related positions.

Semester Hours

A. Minimum Requirements of Graduate-Level Study

1. Curriculum 3

2. Educational Research 3

Work in areas (1) and (2) combined must

total eight (8) semester hours

3. Supervision and Staff Development 8-9

Must include work which provides knowledge of:

a) instructional leadership,

b) program and staff evaluation, and

c) program and staff development.

4. Schools and Public Policy 8-9

Must include work which provides knowledge of:

a) parent/teacher communication and

b) parent involvement in schools.

5. Clinical experience appropriate to the endorsement

or prior experience in a role requiring this endorsement

while holding a certificate of comparable validity.

B. Two years of full-time teaching experience or school service personnel experience.

C. Successful completion of the required certification examinations.

Requirements for General Administrative Endorsement

This endorsement is required for the following positions: principal, assistant principal, assistant or associate superintendent, and other similar or related positions.

Page 3O

A. Minimum Requirements of Graduate-Level Study

Semester Hours

1. Instructional Leadership 12

Must include work which provides skills in:

a) promoting academic achievement,

b) implementing school improvement,

c) long-range planning,

d) program evaluation, and

e) personnel evaluation.

2. Management of Public Schools 9

Must include work which provides skills in:

a) personnel management,

b) school governance,

c) school law,

d) school finance, and

e) interpersonal communication.

3. Schools and Public Policy 4-6

Must include work which provides skills in:

a) establishing effective school/community

communication and involvement and

b) analysis of political and social context of schools.

4. Clinical experience appropriate to the endorsement or prior experience in a role requiring this endorsement while holding a certificate of comparable validity.

B. Two years of full-time teaching experience or school service personnel experience.

C. Successful completion of the required certification examinations.

Requirements for Chief School Business Official Endorsement

This endorsement is required for chief school business officials. This requirement may be fulfilled in one of the following ways.

Page 31

I. Completion of Coursework and Experience Requirements

Semester Hours

A. Minimum Requirements of Graduate-Level Study

1. School Business Management 12

Must include work in data processing.

2. School Organization and Administration 3

Must include work in school/community relations,

personnel management, and organizational planning

and development.

3. School Finance and Fiscal Planning 6

4. Clinical experiences appropriate to the endorsement

or prior experience while holding a certificate of

comparable validity.

B. Two years school business management experience.

C. Successful completion of the required certification examinations

II. Completion of Regionally Accredited Masters Degree Program

This endorsement may also be granted to individuals who have graduated from a regionally accredited institution of higher education with a master's degree in business administration, finance or accounting and who have passed the certification examinations required for this endorsement.

Requirements for Superintendent Endorsement

This endorsement is required for superintendents of school districts. The 30 semester hours of credit listed below must be beyond the master's degree level.

Semester Hours

A. Minimum Requirements of Graduate-Level Study

1. Governance of Public Schools 6

Must include work in inter-governmental relationships

in education and school/community relationships.

Page 32

2. Management of Public Schools 6

Must include work in school improvement (i.e., the

modification of curriculum and practice based upon

research in effective teaching and learning) in

addition to that required for the general administrative endorsement.

3. Educational Planning 6

Must include work in organizational development.

4. Additional graduate credit 12

5. Clinical experiences appropriate to the endorsement or prior experience in a role requiring this endorsement while holding a certificate of comparable validity.

B. Two years school supervisory or administrative experience and possession of the general supervisory or general administrative certificate or comparable out-of-state certificate.

C. Successful completion of the required certification examinations.

Verification of Teaching, Supervising, and Administrative Experience

All applicants for the Administrative Certificate must submit official documentation of their professional educational service along with their applications.

Teaching Experience for Administrative Certification

Teaching experience is defined as employment in a public school, a school under the supervision of the Department of Corrections, a school under the administration of Vocational Rehabilitation, or a nonpublic school meeting the recognition standards of the State Board of Education or comparable out-of-state recognition standards, in which the employee performs classroom instructional duties and for which in public schools an early childhood, elementary, high school, bilingual, vocational, or special teaching certificate is required.

Two years full-time teaching experience shall mean the equivalent of two (2) years performing classroom instructional duties as defined above in one or more of those schools identified above where a school year shall not be less than 176 days and where the daily employment shall have been five (5) or more clock hours.

The chief school business official endorsement requires the applicant to possess two (2) years administrative experience in school business management.

The superintendent's endorsement requires the applicant to possess at least two (2) years experience as an administrator or supervisor in the public schools or in nonpublic schools meeting the standards established by the State Board of Education or comparable out-of-state recognition standards approved by the State Board of Education or two (2) years of supervisory or administrative experience in the Illinois State Board of Education or in an office of an Illinois Regional Superintendent of Schools and requires the applicant

Page 33

to hold a General Supervisory or General Administrative endorsement, or possess two (2) years of experience as a supervisor or administrator while holding an all-grade supervisory certificate or a certificate of comparable validity and educational and experience requirements.

VII. PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATE

A provisional certificate is issued to persons who do not meet one or more of the requirements for the certificate requested. Applicants may be issued only one provisional certificate of any type. The State Teacher Certification Board may issue a provisional certificate valid for early childhood, elementary, high school, special subject fields, school service personnel or administrative areas, provided the following requirements are met:

1. An individual must hold a valid comparable certificate in another state in the United States and must present evidence of such.

2. An individual must present certified evidence of having earned a bachelor's degree from a recognized institution of higher learning.

3. The academic and professional courses offered as a basis of the provisional certificate must be courses approved by the State Board of Education in consultation with the State Teacher Certification Board.

A provisional certificate is nonrenewable and is valid for two fiscal years if the holder meets the ICTS testing requirement no later than nine months from the issue date of the certificate. Passing the required examinations by that date extends the life of the certificate for the remainder of the two-fiscal-year period.

Failure to pass the examinations nine months from the date of issuance of the certificate will result in the cancellation of the certificate. Applicants may wish to request the issuance of their provisional certificates at the end of August so that they might take advantage of the nine-month period of validity and assure themselves of one full school year of employment eligibility.

If the holder's deficiencies are removed after the first fiscal year of the provisional certificate's period of validity, the holder must file a new application and fee with the holder's regional superintendent of schools. No further updating of an evaluation will be performed without the new fee and application.

VIII. PROVISIONAL VOCATIONAL AND TEMPORARY PROVISIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATES

The State Teacher Certification Board may issue Provisional Vocational and Temporary Provisional Vocational Certificates. The requirements for these certificates shall be determined by the State Board of Education in consultation with the State Teacher Certification Board.

Page 34

The following requirements must be met:

Provisional Vocational Certificate

1. Evidence of possessing 60 semester hours of credit from a recognized institution

of higher learning,

2. Documented evidence of 2,000 hours of work experience in the specific skill

area to be taught.

Temporary Provisional Vocational Certificate

1. Documented evidence of 8,000 hours of work experience in the specific skill area to be taught.

2. Three semester hours of college credit earned prior to the renewal of the certificate each year.

No such certificate shall be issued except upon certification by the employing board, subject to the approval of the regional superintendent of schools, that no qualified teacher holding a regular certificate or a Provisional Vocational Certificate is available and that actual circumstances and need require such issuance.

IX. SUBSTITUTE CERTIFICATE

A Substitute Teacher's Certificate, valid for four fiscal years, may be issued for teaching in all grades of the common schools when no appropriate fully certified teacher is available to teach in a substitute capacity. Such certificate may be issued upon request of the Regional Superintendent of Schools of any region in which the teacher is to teach. A Substitute Teacher's Certificate is valid for teaching in the public schools of any county. Such certificate may be issued to persons who (a) hold a certificate valid for teaching in the common schools as shown on the face of the certificate, or (b) have been graduated from a recognized institution of higher learning with a bachelor's degree, or (c) hold a bachelor of arts degree from an institution of higher learning accredited by the North Central Association or other comparable regional accrediting association, or (d) have had 2 years of teaching experience and have earned a minimum of 60 semester hours of college credit including six semester hours in professional education from a recognized institution of higher learning. Teaching experience for a Substitute Certificate is defined as experience obtained in an elementary or secondary school.

X. GENERAL CERTIFICATE

The State Teacher Certification Board, upon the request of the employing board, may issue a General Certificate for teachers of Adult Education subjects. The certificate is valid for teaching the subject or subjects named on the certificate. The local board certifies the training and experience that qualifies the applicant for teaching in the field.

Page 35

Any teacher who holds any other valid certificate for teaching in the public schools of Illinois may teach noncredit courses assigned by the district superintendent of schools upon the authority of the employing board of education.

XI. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TRANSITIONAL

BILINGUAL CERTIFICATE

The Transitional Bilingual Certificate is valid for a period of six years for teaching in the languages of endorsement in approved bilingual education programs in grades K~12 of the common schools. The certificate must be registered each year with the regional superintendent of the county wherein the holder is teaching. Upon the expiration of a Transitional Bilingual Certificate, a regional superintendent may grant a single two-year renewal of that certificate, provided that the individual furnishes evidence of enrollment in an approved teacher education program or of enrollment in coursework designed to qualify the holder for a standard certificate.

A. General Requirements

The applicant shall meet the following general requirements:

1. Be in good health,

2. Be of sound moral character,

3. Be legally present in the United States and possess legal authorization for employment,

4. Comply with certification application procedures.

B. Requirements of Prior Certification

The applicant shall:

1. Possess a current and valid certificate issued by the State of Illinois; or

2. Have possessed, within five years prior to the date of application, a valid teaching certificate or comparable legal authorization issued by a foreign country, or by a state or possession or territory of the United States; or

3. Hold a degree from an institution of higher learning in a foreign country which the Certification Board determines to be the equivalent of a bachelor's degree from a recognized institution of higher learning in the United States The applicant must submit a certified transcript from the foreign institution. The Certification Board will determine equivalency by comparing the applicant's course of study to that required for a bachelors degree from a recognized institution of higher learning in the United States on factors including:

a) the applicant's length of study at the foreign institution (which shall be equivalent to four years of postsecondary study after the age of eighteen),

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b) the number of credit hours or similar units of instruction which the applicant has successfully completed (which shall be the equivalent of 120 semester hours),

c) the content of the applicant's courses and the distribution of courses among the various disciplines constituting a bachelor's degree program in the United States (which shall include the equivalent of a 32-semester hour major field of study),

d) the applicant's grades or similar evidence of successful academic

performance,

e) the foreign institution's accreditation status, if any.

C. Language Requirements

1. The applicant must demonstrate adequate speaking and reading ability in the non-English language in which transitional bilingual education is offered in Illinois.

This requirement may be fulfilled in one of the following ways:

a) Applicants who have been employed in an Illinois bilingual program for at least one year prior to the date of application will meet this requirement when the Department of Transitional Bilingual Education of the Illinois State Board of Education certifies that the applicant meets the following criteria:

The applicant is able to use the non-English language fluently and accurately on all levels normally pertinent to professional needs; can understand and participate in any conversation, within the range of the applicant's experience, with a high degree of fluency and precision of vocabulary; can respond appropriately even in unfamiliar situations; can use the language with infrequent errors of pronunciation and grammar; can handle informal interpreting from and into the language.

b) The applicant presents evidence of graduation from a teacher preparation institution of higher education in which the medium of instruction was in a non-English language in which transitional bilingual education is offered in Illinois and for which certification is sought.

c) The applicant, by means of an approved examination administered by an Illinois institution of higher education recognized for teacher education, meets the following standard of facility in the non-English language in which transitional bilingual education is offered in Illinois:

The applicant is able to use the non-English language fluently and accurately on all levels normally pertinent to professional needs; can understand and participate in any conversation, within the range of the applicant's experience, with a high degree of fluency and precision of vocabulary; can

respond appropriately even in unfamiliar situations; can use the language with infrequent errors of pronunciation and grammar; can handle informal interpreting from and into the language.

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2. The applicant must demonstrate adequate communicative skills in English.

This requirement may be fulfilled in one of the following ways:

a) The applicant has graduated from an institution of higher education in which the medium of instruction was English.

b) The applicant has been employed for one year or more in an Illinois bilingual program, and the building principal or appropriate supervisor attests that the applicant possesses communicative skills in English sufficient to complete assigned duties.

c) The applicant meets, by means of an approved examination administered by an Illinois institution of higher education recognized for teacher education, the following standard of facility in English:

The applicant is able to satisfy routine social demands and work requirements; can handle with confidence most social situations including introductions and casual conversations about current events, as well as work, family, and autobiographical information; can comprehend most conversations on non- technical subjects (i.e., topics which require no specialized knowledge) and has a speaking vocabulary sufficient for self-expression; can usually handle elementary constructions accurately. The applicant's performance is such that if errors are made, they do not render speech unintelligible.

D. Appeals Procedures

All applicants denied certification for failure to meet the language requirements set forth under C above shall have an opportunity to appeal the decision to deny certification.

1. An applicant found ineligible for certification because of failure to meet the language requirements may appeal by notifying the secretary of the State Teacher Certification Board in writing.

2. The secretary of the State Teacher Certification Board shall, in consultation with the director of the Department of Transitional Bilingual Education, within 15 days of receipt of appeal, establish a panel of at least two competent persons to hear the appeal. A date for the hearing shall be mutually agreed upon at which time the individual appealing may be present to present the appeal and respond to inquiries of the panel. The panel shall review the record and present their findings and recommendations within five days of the hearing to the secretary of the State Teacher Certification Board.

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3. Issuance of a certificate granted as a result of appeal shall be based on the applicable criteria and standards set forth elsewhere in this document.

E. Registration Procedures for Bilingual Examination

Individuals needing a bilingual examination in either English or a foreign language should use form ISBE 73-34, "Registration for Transitional Bilingual Examination." This form is completed by the individual and forwarded to the Certification and Placement Section. Applicants will be notified of the test date and time and of the materials they must bring with them. Results of the examination and instructions for applying for the certificate will be forwarded to the applicant.

BILINGUAL AND ESL TEACHER APPROVAL REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES

Teachers in approved bilingual education programs may possess either a Transitional Bilingual Certificate or a valid Illinois teaching certificate and a statement of approval issued by the State Board of Education. Since the bilingual certificate is valid for only six years and may only be renewed for a single two-year period, it is anticipated that current holders will seek to qualify for approval as a bilingual teacher or teacher of English as a Second Language. Approvals will only be issued to applicants who already possess a regular teaching certificate and will be limited to the grade levels or subjects for which the teaching certificate is valid.

A. Bilingual Approval

Approval as a bilingual teacher may be obtained by first making application through the office of a regional superintendent of schools on ISBE Form 73-49, "Request for Approval as a Bilingual or ESL Teacher." A statement of approval will be issued to individuals meeting the following requirements:

1. A valid Illinois teacher certificate;

2. Bilingual clinical experience totaling 100 clock hours or three months teaching experience in bilingual programs;

3. Successful completion of a language examination in the non-English language to be taught;

4. Credits totaling 18 semester hours distributed among the following course areas:

a) Foundations of Bilingual Education,

b) Assessment of Bilingual Students,

c) Methods and Materials for Teaching Limited-English-Proficient Students in Bilingual Programs,

d) Cross-Cultural Studies for Teaching Limited-English-Proficient Students,

e) Methods and Materials for Teaching English as a Second Language.

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B. English as a Second Language

Approval to teach ESL in the context of a state-approved bilingual education program may be obtained by making application through the office of a regional superintendent of schools on ISBE Form 73-49, "Request for Approval as a Bilingual or ESL Teacher." The requirements for obtaining this approval are as follows:

1. A valid Illinois teaching certificate;

2. ESL clinical experience equal to 100 clock hours or three months teaching experience with ESL students;

3. Credits totaling 18 semester hours distributed among the following course areas:

a) Linguistics,

b) Theoretical Foundations of Teaching ESL,

c) Assessment of the Bilingual Student,

d) Methods and Materials for Teaching ESL,

e) Cross-Cultural Studies for Teaching Limited-English-Proficient Students.

Individuals who obtain an ESL approval may teach in this capacity only at the grade level for which their regular certificate is valid. Individuals who qualify for bilingual approval, however, may teach ESL in grades K-6, as well as all other subject areas of a bilingual education program in the language for which they have approval.

TEACHER AIDE APPROVAL

Individuals wishing to be approved as teacher aides must file form ISBE 73-28 with a Regional Superintendent of Schools. There is no fee for this service.

The form must be submitted with official transcripts showing 30 semester hours of academic credit from an institution recognized for teacher education, or a community college or an institution of higher learning accredited by the North Central Association or other comparable regional accrediting association. The approval will be returned by the Certification and Placement Section to the regional superintendent's office where the application was filed. Those persons who have been educated in a foreign country must furnish the same documentation as foreign-educated persons seeking a certificate (page 5). It is also helpful if such persons include their date of birth with their documentation.

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GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING CERTIFICATES

Registration and Renewal

All standard certificates have a validity period of 4 years, except the Administrative Certificate which is valid for 5 years. The first registration following the period of validity of a certificate constitutes a renewal of the certificate for another period. An annual fee of $4 is required by law for the registration or renewal of a certificate. This fee must be paid to the regional superintendent of schools of the county where the teacher is employed, or if not employed, where the individual wishes to register the certificate. A certificate may be made valid in any Illinois county by registering it with the regional superintendent of that county.

Issuance Fee

Before the applicant receives a certificate, the applicant must pay a $1 issuance fee to a regional superintendent of schools.

Lapsed Certificates

All standard certificates not registered or renewed shall lapse after a period of 4 years following the last year of registration. Lapsed certificates may be reinstated for a one-year period upon payment of all accumulated registration fees to your regional superintendent.

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The year period for which a reinstated certificate is valid shall begin on July 1, or the date of reinstatement, and extend through June 30. During this period, such reinstated certificates shall be renewed only (1) by earning five semester hours of credit in a recognized institution of higher learning in the field of professional education or in courses related to the holder's contractual teaching duties or (2) by presenting evidence of holding a valid regular certificate of some other type.

Time Limitations and Fee Requirements

APPLICATIONS

An application and fee will be honored for 3 years from the first deficiency review. If the deficiencies are not removed by the end of the three-year period, the applicant will be required to forward an additional fee and application through the office of a regional superintendent of schools.

PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATES-TESTING REQUIREMENTS

Individuals who receive a provisional certificate with the ICTS examinations as a deficiency must pass the required examinations no later than 9 months from the issue date of the certificate. Certificates held by persons who fail to meet this requirement will be canceled.

PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATES-UPDATES

If the testing requirement is met, a provisional certificate is valid for two fiscal years with the first year ending on June 30 following the date of issue. A fee filed for a provisional certificate is valid until the end of the first fiscal year. After that time, a new fee and application filed with a regional superintendent will be required to update the evaluation.

Test Scores

Passing scores for the Basic Skills and subject-matter knowledge tests will be accepted as part of an application for certification for up to five years. The five-year period will be calculated from the date the test was taken and passed to the date of receipt of the application by the State Board of Education. Scores more than five years old will not be accepted as part of an application.

NOTE: A person who has taken and passed the Basic Skills test for a certificate issued after July 1, 1988, will not be required to retake the Basic Skills test when seeking any subsequent certificate.

Removal of Deficiencies

Credits submitted to remove deficiencies must be on an official transcript, bearing the embossed seal of the institution and signature of the registrar from an institution recognized for teacher education purposes.

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Credit from Junior and Community Colleges

No individual may present for purposes of certification more than 9 semester hours of professional education credit from junior and community colleges.

Institutional Waivers of Coursework

An institutional waiver of coursework, e.g. physical education, mathematics, etc., will not exempt an applicant from that requirement for certification purposes.

Reciprocity

Illinois has no reciprocity agreements with other states. Persons seeking certification must meet Illinois requirements for a standard certificate. However, persons who hold a comparable certificate from another state may qualify for a provisional Illinois certificate valid for two years, during which time they may teach and remove any deficiencies found in the evaluation for the regular certificate.

Credit for Certification

Credit required for certification is listed in semester hours. To convert quarter hours to semester hours, multiply the quarter hours by two-thirds.

Certification File Update and Duplicate Certificate Requests

Individuals may request a duplicate certificate to reflect changes in their certification record or to replace a certificate which has been lost or destroyed. Application is made on ISBE form 73-11, "Certification Update/Duplicate Certificate Request" through the office of the regional superintendent of schools. With this form an applicant may request to have a certification file updated to indicate a higher degree or to reflect a change in name. If the applicant also wishes to have a corrected copy of the certificate showing the change in the applicant's record, the applicant may request a duplicate certificate. A fee of $8 is charged for any duplicate certificate.

United States Citizenship Requirement

All persons seeking certification in Illinois must be legally present and eligible for employment. Persons who are not citizens and who are certified on this basis must become citizens of the United States within six years of the issuance of their original certificates. Holders of certificates who fail to become citizens shall have all their certificates canceled by the board of education, and no other certificate to teach shall be issued to such persons until they have become citizens of the United States.

Criminal Background Investigation for District Employment

All persons employed by school districts in Illinois are subject to a required criminal background investigation by the Department of State Police. District officials may not employ persons convicted of certain offenses.

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Misrepresentation of Credentials

Persons who knowingly alter or misrepresent credentials for purposes of gaining a certificate shall not be granted a certificate, and other certificates held by such persons may be subject to revocation or suspension.

Qualification of Teachers-Utilization of Certificates

No one shall be certified to teach or supervise in the public schools of the State of Illinois who is not of good character, good health, at least nineteen years of age and a citizen of the United States. Transitional Bilingual Certificate applicants need only be legally present and eligible for employment.

No one may teach or supervise in the public schools nor receive for teaching or supervising any part of any public school fund, who does not hold a certificate of qualification granted by the State Teacher Certification Board.

To determine the subject areas an individual holding an elementary or high school certificate is qualified to teach, please see Appendix A, Staff Qualifications.

Waiver of Additional Student Teaching for Experienced Teachers Seeking Other Certificates

For purposes of waiving another student teaching course for experienced teachers with the required five semester hours of student teaching, "successful teaching experience" means official verification by an employing public school or private nonpublic school authority of classroom teaching experience in a school under that board's or authority's jurisdiction which was judged by the employer to be appropriate and satisfactory. The length of the teaching experience should minimally be three (3) months duration during which time supervisors will have had opportunity for observation and evaluation. Day-to-day substitute experience is not acceptable toward meeting the "successful teaching experience" requirement.

Change of Address

Certificates are mailed to the office of the regional superintendent where the teacher applied and they are then forwarded to the applicants. Therefore, applicants who change address should keep their regional superintendents informed of the change.

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